Research Facilities at the Institute
Information to the Facilites at the Institute are listed below:
Virtual Reality Lab
For advanced simulations of aircraft designs, as well as for educational purposes, a virtual reality wall (VR wall) will be installed at the Institute of Aircraft Systems. The VR wall consists of 6 laser light engines that produce an image with a resolution of 4000 x 2000 pixels, the total size of the image being 4.30 mx 1.80 m. The virtual reality wall works as a monitor and can be connected to a workstation via a special pixel processor. With a powerful graphics card in the computer, a 3D model can be visualized and simulated on the VR wall. Visualizing complex relationships together with the ability to display large amounts of information simultaneously allows a deeper understanding of the design process.
UAV Engine Testlab
Propulsion systems and their integration into unmanned aerial vehicles represent a key competence in the development of novel system concepts. With the support of the Bavarian State Ministry of Economics and Media, Energy and Technology, the Department of Aviation Systems has created a unique test facility that can be used to power UAV drives from electrical systems to power systems towards micro-turbojet engines can be measured. The extensive sensor equipment also allows the development of shear vector systems. For the first time, the test bed was used during the SAGITTA project for the evaluation and optimization of the propulsion system. With a detailed test campaign, the complex inlet geometry as well as innovative nozzle concepts were tested and further improved. Currently, the test bench is available for engine tests for the FLEXOP project, as well as for measuring the influence of fuselage components on the propeller thrust of vertically-launched UAV configurations
IMPULLS (Innovative Modular Payload UAV – TUM LLS)
The IMPULLS is the unmanned research aircraft of the Department of Aviation Systems. It was developed within 15 months by scientific staff under the direction of Prof. Dr.-Ing. Mirko Hornungand completed its successful first flight on April 5, 2011. Partners in the development were Cassidian Air Systems and the Department of Flight System Dynamics, which equips the IMUPLLS with an autopilot. The manufacturing of the aircraft was commissioned by Mibo Modeli. The aircraft is used to test sensors and systems for aviation. An essential feature is the modular design. With little effort so different systems can be installed and tested under flight conditions. The propulsion is electric and therefore emission-free and quiet. With a total weight of 30kg, the IMPULLS can carry 10kg payload. It reaches a flight time of 75 minutes. It was important to keep the service life of the aircraft on the ground as low as possible. Within 15 minutes it is ready to start again after landing. Many years of experience with the research aircraft UlltraEvo have helped to keep the handling of the aircraft as simple as possible, both in flight and during ground maintenance. The start takes place with a winch. This allowed the starting distance to be kept very short and the drive system to be designed more efficiently. To realize the long flight times with an electric drive, it was also necessary to design the aircraft with an exceptionally high aerodynamic quality. Due to the consistent use of carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP), the weight of the aircraft is very low compared to the transported payload. The IMPULLS is ideal for pollutant measurements in the atmosphere, for airborne geographic measurements or monitoring of nature and infrastructure from the air. Another field of application is the acquisition of information in emergencies and dangerous situations. .
Flying Demonstrator Lab
As an integral part of research on new aviation systems, a laboratory for flying demonstrators and system test benches is operated at the Institute of Aircraft Design. The laboratory provides technical support for the UAVs (Unmanned Aerial Vehicles). This includes the integration, maintenance and modification of aircraft assemblies (focus on fiber composites), static load tests, EMC testing (electromagnetic compatibility), integration of electronic components and the entire system integration and preparation for ground and flight tests.